Google Android History and Its Development - Specifications Ranging from Beta to Pie

Android History

The original source of all-round Android from Google = android

Oh yeah, the first smartphone was made by Steve Jobs, not Android for sure, yep apple came first

Android logo, featuring a green robot pose. Version history of the Android operating system begins with the beta release of Android in November 2007. The first commercial version, Android 1.0, was released in September 2008. Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance, and has seen a number of updates to its basic operating system since original release. This update usually fixes bugs and adds new features. Since April 2009, every version of Android has been developed with a code name based on desserts or treats. These versions have been released in alphabetical order: Cupcake, Donut, Eclair, Froyo (frozen yogurt), Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, and Jelly Bean. The latest update for the Android OS is Jelly Bean v4.1, which was announced in June 2012, and was released to the Android Open Source Project on July 9, 2012.
android history
Android Beta
Android Beta was released on November 5, 2007, while the software developer kit (SDK) was released on November 12, 2007.

Android 1.0
HTC Dream introduces Android 1.0.

Android 1.0, the first commercial version of the software, V was released on September 23, 2008. The first Android device, HTC Dream, includes the following Android 1.0 features:
  • Android Market app downloads and updates through Market app
  • Web Browser for displaying, zooming, and sliding full web pages HTML and XHTML-many pages are displayed as Windows (forerunner of Chrome)
  • Camera Support-however this version does not have the option to change camera resolution, white balance, quality, etc
  • A folder that allows grouping some app icons into a single folder icon on the home screen.
  • Access to webmail servers, support POP3, IMAP4, and SMTP.
  • Gmail sync with the Gmail app
  • Google contacts sync with the People app
  • Google calendar sync with calendar app
  • Google Maps with Latitude and Street View to see satellite maps and imagery, and find local businesses and get driving directions using GPS
  • Google Sync, allows management of over-the-air sync of Gmail, People, and Calendar
  • Google Search, allows users to search the Internet and phone applications, contacts, calendars, etc.
  • Google Talk Instant Messaging
  • Instant messaging, text messaging, and MMS
  • Media Player, allows management, importing, and playing media files-however, this version does not have video support and Bluetooth stereo
  • Notifications appear in the Status bar, with the option to set a ringtone, LED or vibration alert
  • Voice Dialer allows calling and placing of phone calls without typing a name or number
  • Wallpaper allows user to set background image or photo behind icons and home screen widgets
  • YouTube Video Player
  • Other apps include: Alarm clock, calculator, caller (phone), Home screen (launcher), picture (gallery), and settings.
  • Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support


Android 1.1

On February 9, 2009, the Android update 1.1 was released, initially only for the HTC Dream. Android 1.1 is known as  "Petit Four " Internally, although the name is not officially used. Updates resolve bugs, change the API and add a number of features:

Release date feature version

1.1 9 February 2009\

  • Details and reviews are available when users search for business on Maps
  • Longer incoming call screen timeout when using the speakerphone, plus the ability to show/hide Dialpad
  • Ability to save attachments in messages
  • Support added for tent in system layout

Android History


Android 1.5 Cupcake


On April 30, 2009, the Android 1.5 update was released, based on the Linux kernel 2.6.27. This is the first release to use a name based on dessert ("Cupcake"), a theme that will be used for all subsequent releases. The update includes several new features and UI amendments:
  • Support for third-party virtual keyboards with text predictions and user dictionaries for special words
  • Support for Widgets - miniature views of applications that can be embedded in other applications (such as the Home screen) and receive periodic updates
  • Video recording and playback in MPEG-4 and 3GP formats
  • Automatic and stereo pair support for Bluetooth added (A2DP and AVRCP profiles)
  • Copy and paste the feature added to the web browser
  • User images are displayed for Favorites in Contacts
  • Specific date / time stamps are shown for events in the call log, and one-touch access to the contact card from the call log event
  • Animated screen transition
  • Add auto rotation options
  • Add current boot stock animation
  • The ability to upload videos to YouTube
  • The ability to upload photos to Picasa

Android 1.6 Donut


On September 15, 2009, the Android 1.6 SDK - nicknamed Donut - was released, based on the Linux kernel 2.6.29. Included in the update are many new features:
  • Search for voice and text entries has been improved to include bookmarks, contacts and web history
  • The ability for developers to include their content in search results
  • Multi-language speech synthesis engine to allow Android applications to "talk" text strings
  • Easier search and the ability to see app screenshots on the Android Market
  • Gallery, cameras and camcorders are more fully integrated, with faster camera access
  • The ability for users to select multiple photos for deletion
  • Latest technology support for CDMA / EVDO, 802.1x, VPN and text-to-speech engines
  • Support for WVGA screen resolution
  • Increased speed in search and camera applications
  • Expanded Gesture framework and new GestureBuilder development tools

Android 2.0/2.1 Eclair

Specification:

On October 26, 2009, the Android 2.0 SDK - codenamed Eclair - was released, based on the Linux kernel 2.6.29. Changes include:
  • Extended Account Synchronization, allows users to add multiple accounts to the device for synchronizing email and contacts
  • Exchange email support, with a combined inbox to browse e-mail from multiple accounts on one page
  • Bluetooth 2.1 support
  • The ability to tap a Contact's photo and choose to call, send an SMS, or send an email to that person
  • The ability to search for all stored SMS and MMS messages, by deleting the longest message in a conversation is automatically deleted when the specified limit is reached
  • Many new camera features, including flash support, digital zoom, scene modes, white balance, color effects and macro focus
  • Improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, with a smarter dictionary that learns from using words and includes contact names as suggestions
  • Updated browser UI with bookmark thumbnails, double zoom, and support for HTML5
  • The calendar agenda display is improved, shows the attendance status for everyone invited, and the ability to invite new guests to the event
  • Optimized hardware speeds and UI changes
  • Supports more screen sizes and resolutions, with better contrast ratio
  • Improved Google Maps 3.1.2
  • The MotionEvent class is enhanced to track multi-touch events
  • Add live wallpaper, allowing animated home screen background images to show movement
  • 2.0.1 December 3, 2009 - Minor API changes, bug fixes and behavioral framework changes
Android 2.2.x Froyo

Google Nexus One is the first smartphone to receive Android 2.2 Froyo. On May 20, 2010, the Android 2.2 (Froyo) SDK was released, based on the Linux kernel 2.6.32. 
  • Speed, memory and performance optimization
  • Additional application speed improvements, implemented through JIT compilation
  • Chrome V8 JavaScript engine integration into the Browser application
  • Support for Android Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) services, enabling push notifications
  • Enhanced Microsoft Exchange support, including security policies, automatic discovery, GAL search, calendar synchronization and remote wipe
  • Enhanced application launcher with shortcuts to the Phone and Browser application
  • USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot functionality
  • Added an option to disable data access through cellular networks
  • Updated Market Application with many and automatic update features
  • Quick switch between several keyboard languages ​​and their dictionaries
  • Voice dialing and contact sharing via Bluetooth
  • Support for cars and docking tables that support Bluetooth
  • Support for numeric and alphanumeric passwords
  • Support for file upload fields in the Browser application
  • Support for installing applications to expandable memory
  • Adobe Flash Support
  • Support for extra high PPI screens (320 ppi), such as 4 "720p
  • The gallery allows users to view heaps of images using zoom gestures
  • 2.2.1 January 18, 2011 Bug fixes, security updates, and performance improvements
  • 2.2.2 January 22, 2011 Minor bug fixes, including SMS routing issues that affect Nexus One.
  • 2.2.3 21 November 2011 Two security patches
Android 2.3.x Gingerbread

On December 6, 2010, the Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) SDK was released, based on the Linux kernel 2.6.35. Changes include: 
  • Updated user interface design with increased simplicity and speed
  • Support for extra large screen sizes and resolutions (WXGA and higher)
  • Native support for SIP VoIP internet phones
  • Faster, more intuitive text input on a virtual keyboard, with improved accuracy, better suggested text and voice input mode
  • Enhanced copy / paste functionality, allows users to select words by pressing, copying, and pasting
  • Support for Near Field Communication (NFC), which allows users to read NFC tags embedded in posters, stickers, or advertisements
  • New audio effects such as reverb, equalization, headphone virtualization and bass boost
  • New Download Manager, gives users easy access to any file downloaded from the browser, email or other applications
  • Support for multiple cameras on the device, including front-facing cameras, if available
  • Support for WebM / VP8 video playback, and AAC audio encoding
  • Enhanced power management with a more active role in managing applications that keep devices awake for too long
  • Enhanced support for native code development
  • Switch from YAFFS to ext4 on newer devices
  • Improved audio, graphics, and input for game developers
  • Garbage collection simultaneously to improve performance
  • Native support for more sensors (such as gyroscopes and barometers)
  • 2.3.3 9 February 2011 Some improvements and improvements to the API.
  • 2.3.4 28 April 2011 Support for voice or video chat using Google Talk.
  • Open the Accessory Library support. Open Accessory was introduced in 3.1 (Honeycomb) but the Open Accessory Library provides 2.3.4 additional support when connecting to USB devices with compatible software and compatible applications on the device.
  • 2.3.5 July 25, 2011 System improvements: Improved network performance for Nexus S 4G, among other improvements and improvements
  • Fix Bluetooth bug on Samsung Galaxy S
  • Improved Gmail application
  • Shadow animation for scrolling the list
  • Improved camera software
  • Increased battery efficiency
  • 2.3.6 2 September 2011 Fixed a voice search bug
  • (Update 2.3.6 has the side effect of damaging the Wi-Fi hotspot function of many Nexus Canadian phones. Google recognized this problem and fixed it at the end of September).
  • 2.3.7 September 21, 2011 Google Wallet Support for Nexus S 4G.
Android 3.x Honeycomb

On February 22, 2011, the Android 3.0 SDK (Honeycomb) - the first tablet-specific Android update was released, based on the Linux kernel 2.6.36. The first device to display this version, the Motorola Xoom tablet, was released on February 24, 2011. Changes included:
  • Optimized tablet support with a new virtual and "holographic" user interface
  • The added System Bar, showing quick access to notifications, status, and soft navigation buttons, is available at the bottom of the screen
  • Add an Action Bar, giving access to contextual options, navigation, widgets, or other types of content at the top of the screen
  • Simple multitasking - tapping Recent Applications in the System Bar allows users to view snapshots of ongoing tasks and quickly jump from one application to another.
  • The keyboard is redesigned, making typing fast, efficient and accurate on larger screen sizes
  • A simplified and more intuitive copy / paste interface
  • Some browser tabs replace browser windows, plus an auto-fill form and a new "incognito" mode that allows anonymous browsing
  • Quick access to camera exposure, focus, flash, zoom, front-facing camera, time lapse, and other camera features
  • The ability to view albums and other collections in full screen mode in the Gallery, with easy access to thumbnails for other photos
  • The new two-panel Contacts UI and Quick Scroll to allow users to easily organize and search contacts
  • New two-pane Email UI to make viewing and organizing messages more efficient, allowing users to select one or more messages
  • Support for video chat using Google Talk
  • Hardware acceleration
  • Support for multi-core processors
  • The ability to encrypt all user data
  • Stacks of HTTPS are enhanced by Server Name Indications (SNI)
  • Filesystem on Userspace (FUSE; kernel module)
  • 3.1 10 May 2011 UI improvements
  • Connectivity for USB accessories
  • Expanded Application List
  • Resizable Home screen widget
  • Support for external keyboards and pointing devices
  • Support for joystick and gamepad
  • Support for FLAC audio playback
  • High-performance Wi-Fi lock, maintaining a high-performance Wi-Fi connection when the device's screen is off
  • Support for HTTP proxies for each connected Wi-Fi access point
  • 3.2 15 July 2011 Improved hardware support, including optimization for a wider range of tablets
  • Increased application's ability to access files on the SD card, for example for synchronization
  • Compatibility display mode for applications that have not been optimized for tablet screen resolution
  • The new screen support function, gives developers more control over the display on different Android devices
  • 3.2.1 20 September 2011 Minor bug fixes and security, stability and Wi-Fi improvements
  • Update to Android Market with automatic updates and easier to read text Terms and Conditions
  • Update to Google Books
  • Improved Adobe Flash support in the browser
  • Better Chinese handwriting prediction
  • 3.2.2 30 August 2011 Bug fixes and other small improvements for the Motorola Xoom 4G
  • 3.2.4 December 2011 "Pay as You Go" support for 3G and 4G tablets
  • 3.2.6 February 2012 Fixed data connectivity issues when exiting airplane mode on US 4G Motorola Xoom
Android 4.0.x Ice Cream  Sandwich 
          
BangLuq only has an android after entering this version, because before it was still unable to move on from Nokia and Blackberry (quite late because of waiting for the old cell phone to be damaged, and didn't need a tablet because PCs and laptops still have some 😛)

Samsung Galaxy Nexus introduces Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich.

SDK for Android 4.0.1 (Ice Cream Sandwich), based on the Linux kernel 3.0.1, released to the public on October 19, 2011. Gabe Cohen from Google states that Android 4.0 is "theoretically compatible" with whatever Android 2.3.x devices are produced at the time. The source code for Android 4.0 is available on November 14, 2011. This update introduces many new features, including:
  • Soft keys from Android 3.x are now available for use on mobile phones
  • Separation of widgets in new tabs, registered in a manner similar to the application
  • Easier folder to create, drag and drop style
  • Adjustable launcher
  • Visual voicemail is enhanced with the ability to speed up or slow down voicemail messages
  • Pinch-to-zoom function in the calendar
  • Integrated screenshot capture (done by holding down the Power and Volume Down keys)
  • Correction of errors fixed on the keyboard
  • The ability to access applications directly from the lock screen
  • Enhanced copy and paste functionality
  • Better voice integration and continuous and real-time dictation
  • Face Unlock, a feature that allows users to unlock the handset using face recognition software
  • Web browser with new tabs, allows up to 16 tabs
  • Automatic browser synchronization with user's Chrome bookmarks
  • New typeface family for UI, Roboto
  • The Data Usage section is in settings that allow users to set warnings when they are approaching certain usage limits, and deactivate data usage when limits are exceeded
  • The ability to turn off applications that use data in the background
  • Enhanced camera application with zero shutter pause, time-lapse settings, panorama mode, and the ability to zoom in when recording
  • Default photo editor
  • New gallery layout, organized by location and people
  • "People" application refreshed with integration of social networks, status updates and hi-res images
  • Android Beam, a short-range communication feature that allows quick exchange of web bookmarks, contact info, directions, YouTube videos and other data
  • Support for WebP image formats
  • UI hardware acceleration
  • Wi-Fi Direct
  • 1080p video recording for stock Android devices
  • The Android VPN Framework (AVF) kernel module, and TUN (but not TAP). Before 4.0, VPN software was required for Android to be rooting.
  • 4.0.2 28 November 2011 Fixed a minor bug on Verizon Galaxy Nexus, a US launch which was later postponed until December 2011
  • (For Canadian consumers, 4.0.2 reportedly creates a bug on the Galaxy Nexus that crashes the application market when users try to see details of any Android application. This also accidentally reduces NFC capabilities on Nexus phones).
  • 4.0.3 December 16, 2011 Lots of bug fixes and optimizations
  • Improved graphics, database, spell checking and Bluetooth functionality
  • New APIs for developers, including social flow APIs in the Contacts provider
  • Calendar provider improvements
  • The new camera application increases video stabilization and QVGA resolution
  • Enhancements to accessibility such as increased access to content for screen readers
  • 4.0.4 29 March 2012 Increased stability
  • Better camera performance
  • Smoother screen rotation
  • Improved telephone number recognition
Android 4.1.x - 4.3 Jelly Bean
              
On June 27, 2012, at the Google I / O conference, Google announced Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean). Based on the Linux kernel 3.1.10, Jelly Bean is an additional update with the primary goal of improving the functionality and performance of the user interface. Performance improvements involve "Project Butter", which uses touch anticipation, triple buffering, extended vsync timings and a fixed frame rate of 60 fps to make the UI liquid and "buttery" -smooth. Android 4.1 Jelly Bean was released to AOSP on July 9, 2012, and an OTA update for Nexus 7 to Android 4.1.1 was released on July 11, 2012, making it the first device to run Jelly Bean.
  • Smoother user interface:
  • VSync timings in all images and animations performed by the Android framework, including application rendering, touch events, screen composition and display refreshes
  • Three buffering in the graphics pipeline
  • Improved accessibility
  • Bidirectional text and other language support
  • User-installed keyboard map
  • Expanded notification
  • The ability to turn off notifications based on certain applications
  • Shortcuts and widgets can be automatically reset or resized so that new items fit on the home screen
  • Bluetooth data transfer for Android Beam
  • Offline voice dictation
  • New interface layout for tablets with smaller screens (more like a phone)
  • Improved voice search
  • Enhanced camera application
  • Google Wallet (for Nexus 7)
  • High resolution Google+ contact photos
  • Google Now search application
  • Multi-channel audio
  • USB audio (for external sound DACs)
  • Audio circuit (also known as seamless playback)
  • The Android Stock browser is replaced by the Google Chrome version of Android on devices with Android 4.1 pre-installed
Android Jelly Bean marks a new era for the operating system, even if the OS is more or less the same as its predecessor. If you dig a little deeper, you will see some very important changes. The most important thing is Google Now, which can be accessed with a quick swipe from the home screen and brings information - i.e. calendar events, e-mail, weather reports - all to one screen. This feature really poked Google first at digital assistants, and laid the foundation for future versions of digital assistants, including Google Assistant.

In addition to Google Now, a number of other important additions are implemented in Jelly Bean, such as Project Butter, which is aimed at drastically increasing Android's touch performance by triple the buffering graphics. This removes a lot of stuttering on Android and makes it a much smoother experience overall. Updated fonts, expandable notifications, greater widget flexibility, and other features also added to Jelly Bean, making it one of the biggest updates for Android so far.

Android 4.4 KitKat

This is the version BangLuq likes the most, especially after the Lolipop version, for me I still like KitKat in terms of stability and battery. Maybe the android that I used at that time also made the optimal time for Kitkat. Google announced Android 4.4 KitKat (named with permission from Nestlé and Hershey) on September 3, 2013, with a release date of October 31, 2013. Previously, the next release after Jelly Bean was expected to be numbered 5.0 and named 'Key Lime Pie'.
  • Updated interface with status bar and transparent navigation on the home screen.
  • Performance optimization on devices with lower specifications
  • Printing framework
  • NFC Host Card Emulation as a smart card emulator
  • Chromium-based WebViews
  • Expanded functionality for notification listener services
  • General API for developing and managing text messaging clients, the ability to specify standard SMS applications.
  • New framework for UI transitions
  • Storage access framework for retrieving content and documents from other sources
  • Batching sensors, Step Detector, and Counter API
  • Enhanced full screen mode display, software buttons and status bar can be accessed from the edge by swiping
  • Audio balancer, audio monitoring and audio enhancement
  • Integrated screen activity recorder
  • Infrared
  • Improved API accessibility
  • New experimental virtual machine, ART
  • Bluetooth Message Access Profile (MAP) support
Android 5.0 Lollipop(2014)

Android Lollipop, which debuted with Nexus 6, was the first to display Google's "Material Design" philosophy. Updates, however, are not purely aesthetic - the operating system also shows some major updates under the hood.

Google replaces the "obsolete" Dalvik VM with Android Runtime, for example, which boasts a compilation of previous ones. This basically means that part of the processing power needed for the application can be done before the application is opened. In addition, we saw a number of notice enhancements, the addition of RAW image support, and a number of other improvements. Android 5.0 also saw the addition of another version of Android, dubbed Android TV, which brought Android to the big screen and is still used on many TVs today.
  • Interface design (display) called "Material Design".
  • 64-bit ART compiler
  • Project voltaic, which is useful for increasing battery life 30% more durable.
  • 'Factory reset protection'. This feature is useful when a smartphone is lost, it cannot be reset without entering a Google ID and password.
ANDROID 6.0 MARSHMALLOW (2015)

Android Marshmallow brings design changes and changes under the hood. Especially, the application menu is almost completely changed. Google uses a white background instead of black, for example, and adds a search bar to help users find the application they need quickly. Android Marshmallow also features an added memory manager, which allows you to check the memory usage of any application used in the last 3, 6, 12 or 24 hours.

Next is the volume control. On Marshmallow, you get access to a more comprehensive set of volume controls, allowing you to change the volume for devices, media and alarms. Security also gets a big boost in the operating system. Android officially supports fingerprint sensors that start with Marshmallow, and permits significant improvements. Instead of applications that ask for all permissions upfront when downloaded, permissions are requested on a per permission basis when required.

ANDROID 7.0 NOUGAT (2016)

Android 7.0 Nougat is the biggest increase in Android in 10 years, mainly because this version is really smart, which finally most gadgets have stuck here. In fact, perhaps the biggest change for Android on Nougat is that Google Now has been replaced by Google Assistant, which is now very popular.

Along with Assistant, Nougat brings a better notification system, which changes the way notifications look and act in the OS. Notifications are presented from screen to screen, and unlike previous Android iterations, they can be grouped together for easy management. Multitasking also got a boost with Nougat. Whether you use your phone or tablet, you will be able to use split screen mode, allowing you to use two applications at the same time without having to exit each application every few minutes.
  • Unicode 9.0 emoji and skin modifier support (and show the ICU4J API subset).
  • Ability to display color calibration
  • Ability to zoom screen
  • The ability to switch applications by double pressing on the overview button
  • Emergency Information Section Added
  • Adds the "Delete All" button on the Overview screen
  • Other system partitions, which are updated when not in use, allow uncensored system updates
  • Virtual virtual reality platform (VR interface)
  • Improved Doze functionality, which aims to extend battery life
  • Improvements to the file browser
  • More Quick Settings options
  • Multi-window support, which supports floating applications in desktop layout
  • New Data Saver Mode, which can force applications to reduce bandwidth usage
  • New JIT Compiler, makes application installation 75 percent faster and a 50 percent reduction in the size of compiled code
  • Only in a Time (JIT) compiler with profile code for ART, which allows it to continuously improve the performance of the Android application as it runs
  • Picture in picture support for Android TV
  • The redesigned debut notification, which displays instant access to certain settings
  • Redesigned Overview screen
  • Notification cards that are replaced with notification sheets
  • Application navigation drawer settings
  • Vulkan 3D rendering API
  • Multiple Device Locales
  • Notification notes
  • Night light
  • Touch / show performance improvements
  • Move (Fingerprint swipe down movement - opt-in)
  • Smooth A / B system update
  • Daydream VR mode
  • Developer features:
  • Application shortcuts / shortcut API
  • Application overview icons support
  • Keyboard picture insertion
  • Fingerprint sensor gives a signal to open / close the notification shade
  • Intention manual storage manager for applications
  • Improved VR thread scheduling
  • Improved wallpaper metadata
  • Multi-endpoint call support
  • Support for various MNO requirements
  • PCDMA voice privacy property
  • Source type support for Visual Voicemail
  • Operator configuration options for managing video telephony
  • Manual storage manager - identify files and applications that use storage
  • 7.1.1 December 5, 2016 New Emo
  • Send GIFs directly from the default keyboard
  • Launch the action on the application by long pressing the application icon
  • 7.1.2 April 4, 2017 Warning for Nexus special battery usage
  • Improved notification stability
  • Swipe fingerprint on 5X / 6P
  • General connectivity improvements
  • Specific Pixels
  • Improved fingerprint swipe performance
  • Improved Bluetooth connectivity
  • New multitasking user interface on Pixel C
ANDROID 8.0 OREO (2017)
Oreo


Android Oreo brings the Android platform to version 8.0, and brings many multitasking features. The original picture-in-picture and split screen both debut on Android Oreo, which means you can continue watching your favorite shows on Netflix while browsing the web.

Android Oreo also gives us more control over notifications. With Oreo, users are given the ability to turn on or turn off notification channels, meaning you can be very detailed with where notifications appear and what happens when they appear. Specifically, the notification channel allows users to sort notifications by importance. Regarding notifications, Oreo carries a notification point, and the ability to snooze notifications.

Some other smaller features also appear in Oreo. For example, Google eliminates blob styles for emojis, replacing them with emojis that are a little more compatible with other platforms. Oreo also gave us automatic Wi-Fi, smart text selector, and so on.
  • The redesigned app
  • Notification channel
  • Picture-in-picture support
  • Unicode 10.0 emoji
  • Redesign the notice of notice
  • Redesigned lock screen
  • Adaptive icon
  • Notification point
  • Sony LDAC codec support
  • Application-specific unknown source
  • Wider color gamut for applications
ANDROID 9.0 PIE (2018)
Android

In 2019 we are on Android 9.0 Pie. Android Pie brings a number of visual changes - so much that from a visual perspective, this is the biggest change to Android in a few years.

Most notably, Android 9.0 Pie eliminates the three-button arrangement that has existed on Android for years, replacing it with one pill-shaped button and gestures to control things like multitasking. Android 9.0 Pie also brings several changes to notifications, including extra control over the types of notifications that appear and where they appear, and Google's new "Digital Wellbeing," a feature that basically tells you how often you use your phone, the most frequent application You use, et cetera. This feature aims to help users better manage their digital lives and curb smartphone addictions.

Other features include adaptive battery life, which limits how many battery background applications can be used, as well as "Application Actions," which are deep links to certain application features that appear directly from the application drawer.

Android Pie, later referred to as "Android P," was first announced by Google on March 7, 2018, and the first developer preview was released the same day. The second preview, which is considered beta quality, was released on May 8, 2018. The third preview, called Beta 2, was released on June 6, 2018. The fourth preview, called Beta 3, was released on July 2, 2018. The last beta of Android P was released on July 25, 2018.

Android "P" was officially released on 6 August 2018 as "Android 9 Pie" and was originally available for Google Pixel devices and Essential Phones. Sony Xperia XZ3 is the first device with Android Pie pre-installed.

Google announced it will release Android 9 Pie (Go Edition), the lite version of Android Pie.

That was earlier versions of Android, from beginning to end (2019).

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